Expert: We have felt the negative impact of climate change in Poland

Expert: We have felt the negative impact of climate change in Poland

Dr. Hubble said that in addition to the intensification of extreme weather phenomena (such as hurricanes and floods), in Poland-we are also increasingly feeling the negative health effects of climate change. . Zbigniew M. Karaczun of Warsaw University of Life Sciences.

“Until recently, climate change in Poland seemed to be only the future. We can only feel it in 30 or even 40 years. Unfortunately, this is already happening and we feel that the negative effects of climate change are growing, including negative health. Impact… Zbigniew M. Karaczun, Warsaw University of Life Sciences. He was one of the participants in the expert meeting held in Warsaw with reporters, the slogan of which was “Climate Change and Health”.

As experts pointed out, extreme meteorological and weather phenomena, such as hurricanes, floods and hail, as well as droughts and heat waves, have intensified in recent years. He said, for example, a heat wave with an average temperature of more than 25 degrees Celsius occurred in the summer of 2018, and in the spring of 2019, hurricanes, rain and flooding intensified.

“Since 1970, the growing season of Polish plants has increased by more than 25 days, which prolongs the period of high concentrations of plant dust in the air and increases the risk of allergies. In 2019, plant pollination has been felt in January. Karachun

However, experts warn that the prevailing view of Poland is that climate change in Poland will be “quite favorable.” But, as he pointed out, agriculture and food production (and the wider economy) and our health will all be affected.

The data provided during the conference showed that compared with the 1960s and 1970s, the frequency of hail occurrence in Małopolskie doubled, while in other regions such as Opolskie, Świętokrzyskie and Śląskie, it was 1.5 times. Since 1970, the number of floods has quadrupled, and since 2004, it has tripled.

From 1951 to 1981, droughts in Poland occurred on average every five years, with the most recent one occurring every two years. The groundwater level dropped a few meters. The frequency of hurricanes has increased several times. In the 1980s and 1990s, we had several hurricanes a year, and now there are more than twenty. The record year was 2006, when 52 hurricanes occurred.

Dr. Harb Karaczun assessed that we are not ready to deal with the threat of climate change-so-called climate skeptics. “We are not prepared enough to deal with these effects. We hardly know which of them is the most dangerous to us and requires the most urgent action. We do not conduct research on this matter, we mainly use research conducted abroad.

Experts emphasized that the hot weather increased the scale of hospitalization and reduced work efficiency. The data provided in the news seminar showed that in 2003 alone, the heat wave in Europe caused at least 70,000 premature deaths. people. Conversely, for the same reason, 11,000 people died prematurely in Russia in 2010. people.

Research in the United States shows that at least one in a million residents die prematurely due to high temperatures. In turn, observations in Hungary indicate that there may be 10 to 40 people per million.

According to Dr. Habu. Karaczun, children and pregnant women are particularly vulnerable to adverse climate change. “It is estimated that nearly 88%. He added that of all disease cases related to the impact of climate change, children under 5 years old will occur.

Children are particularly susceptible to dehydration. They are more likely to suffer from climate change-related kidney disease, mental and emotional disorders. The high temperature and humidity of pregnant women increase the risk of pregnancy poisoning, as well as the risk of premature delivery and low birth weight.

The geography of certain diseases such as dengue fever, malaria and Lyme disease is changing. “In 2018, the first dengue fever was a viral tropical disease. It was the death of a person who had never traveled abroad.” Karachun

Poles have also felt these changes. The data provided during the workshop showed that since 2005, the number of cases of Lyme disease transmitted by tick in our country has tripled. “This cannot be explained by a better diagnosis of this disease”-experts emphasized.

According to Dr. Habu. Karachin, despite the tight time, our country still has the opportunity to adapt to climate change. He warned: “If we do not take appropriate measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, we will lose this opportunity.”

According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), there is scientific evidence that humans have had the greatest impact on the world’s climate in the past 50 years. The IPCC believes that we can still prevent these changes, but we need about 12 years. (PAP)

Author: ZbigniewWojtasiński

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