Pwerk/To date, 276 tombs and a large number of artifacts have been discovered in the early medieval cemetery

Pwerk/To date, 276 tombs and a large number of artifacts have been discovered in the early medieval cemetery

It was accidentally discovered in the early medieval cemetery in Mazowieckie in 2016. No known historical data has been found so far. So far, 276 tombs and many artifacts from this period have been discovered, such as glass bead necklaces. This year’s excavation work is coming to an end.

Archaeological research resumed in May and will last about two weeks. This work covers an area of ​​approximately 4.5 hectares, adjacent to the previous study area-the parking lot of the former provincial headquarters of the Pwerk Citizens’ Militia. The first 11 tombs were discovered four years ago, and there were 78 tombs last year.

This year’s excavation work was carried out on a piece of land behind the registry, and the expansion of the land will begin this year-the archaeologist’s work will be carried out before the investment, and the Plock City Hall will largely pay for it .

“Our work will end at the end of this year. They will continue for about two more weeks. We still have about 0.5 hectares to be excavated”-told PAP Proctor Mazowieckie, deputy director of the Mazowieckie Museum, one of the managers of archaeological research in the medieval necropolis One Dr. Tomasz Kordala.

According to his report, in this year’s work, 187 tombs have been discovered so far, of which about 30% are tombs. They equipped the tomb with many cultural relics. Cordara pointed out: “If you consider the tombs discovered a year ago and four years ago, the number of tombs confirmed so far is 276. There may be more tombs before the study is completed.”

He emphasized that the findings so far indicate that some of the tombs in the early medieval cemetery were destroyed in the construction works that have been carried out today, mainly in the 20th century, such as by excavating the central heating network and erecting a wall separating the two plots. Kordala added: “I think this type of municipal work has destroyed dozens of graves in total.” He also pointed out that in many cases, the excavation revealed a tomb that was older than other funerals.

Dr. Cordara recalled that in the early stage of archaeological research, people found many artifacts in the tombs discovered, such as glass beads, temples and iron knives, as well as a brown bowl and a wooden wall fixed with iron hoops. The remains of the barrel. He said: “The equipment we have found so far shows that the cemetery began at the end of the 11th century, until the 12th century, and lasted until the 13th century.” He explained that the cemetery is located approximately northeast of Tumskie Hill. 400 meters away, the place where Płock was born, where the castle and cathedral were built.

Cordara emphasized: “We already know that it is a necropolis, covering at least ten battlefields. There are more than 300 tombs. A large number of Pwoks from the early Middle Ages were buried here.” He added, as before. Similarly, bones found in the cemetery during archaeological excavations this year will be sent to the University of Lodz for anthropological research. At the same time, he announced that the excavation will continue in 2021 or even 2022, and will end after the monograph is published.

Sealed goods have previously been found around tombs found in the Płock cemetery in the early Middle Ages. Therefore, suppose that the cemetery is located near a market, such as a church market, and at the same time there is a church nearby, and the cemetery is located near it.

According to the excavator, it may be the holy church. Idzi was previously located in a slightly different place-about 300 meters to the north, it was the foundation of the Polish ruler, Prince Władysław I, Hermann, and Płock was the capital of the state. . So far, during archaeological work in the cemetery, no trace of the church has been found. The church was built for the sacrifice of Boleslaw III’s birthday, and Warymouth, the son of Hermann of Wotislaw I, has not yet been found. turn up. According to researchers, from the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, its remains were probably tenements under the foundations of surrounding buildings.

As early as 2016, a medieval cemetery was accidentally found in the parking lot of the former provincial headquarters of the Płock Citizens’ Militia, when the first 11 tombs of the era were discovered. The discovery was made by employees of the National Memorial Institute, who conducted archaeological research in 2015-18 to find the remains of victims of communist terrorism in the former Pwerk MO headquarters area, from the mid-1940s to the 1950s This is the detention center of NKVD, and then UB. . In their residence, the remains and artifacts of several people from the mid-twentieth century were found, indicating that they may have been victims of communist crimes. The items found at the time included personal accessories and metal military buttons with the image of an eagle in the crown. Near these discoveries, bullets and casings for automatic weapons were also found.

When in the next stage of the excavation, the staff of the National Memorial Institute expanded the scope of research to include the previous MO parking lot, replacing the garage that was demolished for this purpose, they unexpectedly discovered other tombs-in total there are 11 cemeteries, later proved to be early medieval cemeteries, formerly historical sites. (PAP)

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