Researchers believe that in settlements from the 11th/12th to the 13th century, archaeologists discovered about 200 metal objects-including gilded spurs and women’s ornaments-in Poniatach Wielkie. The application shows this This face is unique-similar objects have also been found in the Eurasian border area.
The conservation department knows that there are traces of human existence in Poniaty Wielkie in the Middle Ages. However, until last year, no large-scale archaeological research has been conducted here. Then, archaeologists stepped in, and in the first stage, they supervised the construction of the gas reservoir.
In research conducted in 2019 and 2020, it is possible to find the economic part of the medieval settlements of the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. Archaeologists have discovered the remains of kilns, communal pits, kilns and wells. They accidentally discovered many metal and ceramic objects in it.
“Since that period, in this area of Mazovia and later open settlement areas, this kind of rich land has rarely been found. The head of the excavation research, Jakub Affelski, said that more valuable monuments were found in the fortified towns.
This year, researchers focused on two items: a lead plate with facial patterns and a decorative application made of copper alloy, which also has facial shapes. According to Affelski, the lead monument may be an unusual mark. Then, as shown by the mounting hole, the application can be used as an accessory for clothing, such as a belt. The precise workmanship is very eye-catching-ears are visible, eyes, beard and hair are clearly visible. After consulting experts from the Polish Academy of Sciences, Affelski estimated that the subject is similar to the subject of the Asian border region where nomadic tribes live. These and other monuments will be analyzed in detail to clarify their origins.
Greed is also an unusual discovery. It is a capsule worn by Christians on the chest and contains relics or quotations from the Bible.
Although the settlement was located within the borders of the Polish land at the time, many of the monuments found in the area so far are from the eastern territories, including Ross-the discoverer pointed out.
According to Affelski, the settlement of Poniaty Wielkie can serve multiple functions: perhaps it is a metallurgical center that produces goods for the nearby towns of Nasielsk and Pułtusk. The discovered slag and metal semi-finished product fragments prove this. In turn, many metal seals indicate that it has been used in large-scale trade.
For researchers, it is not clear why so many metal objects that were highly valued at the time were left in the settlements. “There is no sign that the invasion is over-we have found no signs of military aggression. She concluded. For us, this is still a big mystery.
This year’s research was funded by the Protector of Historic Sites in Masovian Province. All monuments will enter the regional museum in Ptusk, where they will be displayed to visitors.
PAP-Polish Science, Szymon Zdzierałowski
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