Created a digital reconstruction of the Sultan Monastery 1300 years ago

Created a digital reconstruction of the Sultan Monastery 1300 years ago

Experts from the Center for Mediterranean Archaeology (CAŚ) of the University of Warsaw produced a three-dimensional model of the Sultan Ghazari Monastery complex. You can watch them on the “Virtual Nubia” portal. PAPCAŚUW informed that further reconstruction will take place this year.

In Ghazali, Sudan, there is a monastery complex built between 680 and 720, and the remains of the settlement have left traces of handicrafts and agriculture, including metallurgy and oil production. A cemetery was also found there. Ghazali is one of the two known bone foundations of medieval Nubia located on the outskirts of the Nile Valley. The monastery is located in Wadi Abu Dom-a valley that crosses the Bajuda Desert, which was once a busy trading route in Northeast Africa.

From 2012 to 2018, CAha UW scientists conducted research on Ghazali. “We have carried out archaeological work at the same time as the project of preparing a site for tourists. However, we know that not many tourists will get there until the political situation is unfavorable. Therefore, the idea of ​​enabling virtual sightseeing was announced by CAŚUW. The person in charge, said Dr. Artur Obłuski, head of the expedition.

When we read the materials provided by scientists, the “virtual Nubia” portal will allow people to move to the medieval monastery in Sudan through a computer screen. Experts have digitally reconstructed the building, which can now be visited without leaving home. Thanks to the Ministry of Science for funding under the “ArcheoCDN” project. Archaeological Center of Scientific Excellence”.

Currently, only the buildings that make up the Ghazali Monastery are open to the public. You can see them from outside and inside. The various parts of the monastery are signed on the model of the entire building, and then clicking on its name will take the visitor to a page with a model of the interior and body and a description of the room. These include: churches, utility rooms, canteens, water storage tanks, dormitories, and even toilets. “It sounds interesting, but the toilets in the monastery are still a mystery. Why are there so many toilets? There are as many as two toilets in the monastery. (…) For comparison, it is worth mentioning that the semi-small in Qasr el-Wizz In the Apa Diosa monastery, only two toilets were found. This shows that there are many people living in Ghazali, or monks are engaged in the treatment of digestive diseases…”-Archaeologists suggest in the digital guide.

It also introduces the reconstruction process of several movable monuments found on the site, including ceramics and glassware.

As scientists have written, the real journey through Sudan will undoubtedly be an unforgettable adventure, they encourage it, and virtual reconstruction has its advantages. They pointed out that although archaeology often inspires people’s imagination, to the layman, many of the remains found during the excavation process do not look impressive. In most cases, only the lower part of the wall or foundation is kept. In scientific publications, floor plans of the building are usually provided, which makes it difficult to imagine the appearance of the facade. The same goes for Ghazali. In order to show the predecessor of the monastery, it was completed by the joint efforts of archaeologists, architects and graphic designers.

“Of course, the starting point is the archaeological and architectural documents produced on-site. The next step is the close collaboration between architects and computer graphic designers and archaeologists to determine the appearance of those parts of the monastery that have not survived: what the upper part of the wall looks like Yes, where are the windows and how was the roof built? We rely on specialized analysis so that our reconstruction has scientific value,” said Maciej Wyżgoł, an archaeologist at the University of Warsaw. Experts supervised the creation of “Virtual Nubia”. He emphasized that similar structures in Sudan and other medieval sites in Egypt helped create models.

The “Virtual Nubia” portal is available from the following website: You can “explore” old buildings on your computer screen or using VR goggles. Agnieszka Szymczak from CAŚUW informed that the project will be developed. This year, a new 3D model will appear-this time from Old Dongolia. It is the capital of a powerful kingdom that existed between the 1st and 5th Nile Falls from the 6th to the 14th century. For centuries, his power has extended to the north, almost to modern Aswan in Egypt.

PAP-Polish Science, Szymon Zdzierałowski

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