Archaeologists in Dąbrówka are studying the early medieval stronghold

Archaeologists in Dąbrówka are studying the early medieval stronghold

Archaeologists are investigating the settlement site in Dąbrówka (Dąbrówka) near Poznań. Paweł Pawlak, head of excavation, told PAP that no similar research has been conducted in Greater Poland so far.

“There are few such large-scale exposures. With the data obtained, we will be able to broaden our knowledge about the Piast state formation process,” Pawlak said.

Research by archaeologists shows that the stronghold is from the 9th to the early 10th century. Then it was also burned. After this incident, it has never been rebuilt.

Parak believes: “The responsibility for the destruction should fall on the first representative of Piast Region, which was already clear at the time.” In his opinion, the city is too close to Poznań (about 15 west). Km), eager to play the role of the main center, which is why the inhabitants of Dąbrowa fortress have to face the ambitious Piasts.

During the ongoing excavation, archaeologists discovered large tracts of wood and dirt embankments. Their foundation consists of large wooden boxes, which the builders sandwiched between or filled with sand and clay. The elements of wood cannot survive in the form of beams or rails, but as the researchers put it, the “stripe of wood” is caused by the destructive activities of atmospheric factors, and the air can enter the medieval ruins.

The researchers were also able to identify the entire building complex and the part of the moat around the entrance-but it was not a solid gate, but a 2.5-meter opening in the wall. As Pawlak pointed out-this is an amazing discovery, and it is also important when analyzing the direction and function of the road leading from the hillside.

In the next few days, archaeologists will concentrate on inspecting the interior of the fort-the mansion. They have highlighted the places where they found a large number of processed bones and antlers, which indicates that they are handicraft workshops. Now they are counting on discovering the relics of the wooden huts to gain insight into the daily lives of residents.

The excavation was carried out by Henryk Klunder Archaeology and Conservation Studio. The study covers an area of ​​more than 1500 square meters, which is related to the rescue excavations-an industrial hall will be built here in the future.

Researchers in the 19th century drew attention to strongholds. They correctly defined its function. However, after initial excavations in the 1970s, it was considered a settlement. In 2010, Professor. Włodzimierz Rączkowski from the Institute of Prehistory at Adam Mikiwicz University in Poznan took this hypothetical picture from an airplane. Obviously, the bird’s eye view of the relic looks like the remains of the hillside, and the final excavation confirmed this.

In a recent study in Grodziszcz province (Grodziszcz), archaeologists found similar traces of damage from the same period in Lubski. In this case, after the castle was burned down, it was rebuilt during the reign of the Piast monarchy.

PAP-Polish Science, Szymon Zdzierałowski

szz / March/